Tattered breviary a fond memento of the Philippines

Originally posted on Walk with us!:

Fr. John Czyzynski shares his last two journal entries from the Philippines:

Fr. John Fr. John

FEBRUARY 10 – On Saturday morning when I entered the chapel for morning prayer and Mass I received a surprise which I am going to treasure as a memento of my visit to our novitiate here in the Philippines. One of the dogs had gotten into the chapel during the night and played with my breviary the way they do with sandals they find. The cover has teeth marks on it and the additional leather cover had been thoroughly chewed. The ribbons were found on the grounds, two pages had sections torn out, but one of the novices found those missing pieces so I can tape them back together. I was going to buy a new cover when I got back to the States, but I thought and prayed about it and I have decided to keep…

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Continuing to enjoy the beauty, food and community of the Philippines

Originally posted on Walk with us!:

The Philippine novitiate The Philippine novitiate

Fr. John Czyzynski  writes from the Philippines:

Well, they said the novitiate here in Padagian (the city) Zambuanga del Sur (the province) is nice — that is an understatement.  It is unbelievable.   so beautiful.  And I feel like I am on retreat.  Every day we pray (and in part chant) all the hours of the Liturgy of Hours.  We also have meditation and the rosary and adoration together.  That barely leaves me time for my daily walk and a nap.  Just kidding, of course.  I am giving a couple of talks to the novices (we have four here)  One of them is raising what looks like morning doves that he raises from just after they are hatched.

I thought I would have a chance to visit the families of two of the 44 police officers who were killed by the Muslim Liberation front, but that did not work out…

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Homily of His Holiness Pope Francis

AP2716033_LancioGrandeFeast of the Presentation of the Lord

2 February 2015

Before our eyes we can picture Mother Mary as she walks, carrying the Baby Jesus in her arms.  She brings him to the Temple; she presents him to the people; she brings him to meet his people.

The arms of Mother Mary are like the “ladder” on which the Son of God comes down to us, the ladder of God’s condescension.  This is what we heard in the first reading, from the Letter to the Hebrews: Christ became “like his brothers and sisters in every respect, so that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest” (Heb 2:17).  This is the twofold path taken by Jesus: hedescended, he became like us, in order then to ascend with us to the Father, making us like himself.

In our heart we can contemplate this double movement by imagining the Gospel scene of Mary who enters the Temple holding the Child in her arms.  The Mother walks, yet it is the Child who goes before her.  She carries him, yet he is leading her along the path of the God who comes to us so that we might go to him.

Jesus walked the same path as we do, and showed us a new way, the “new and living way” (cf. Heb 10:20) which is himself. For us too, as consecrated men and women, he opened a path.

Fully five times the Gospel speaks to us of Mary and Joseph’s obedience to the “law of the Lord” (cf. Lk 2:22-24,27,39).  Jesus came not to do his own will, but the will of the Father. This way, he tells us, was his “food” (cf. Jn 4:34). In the same way, all those who follow Jesus must set out on the path of obedience, imitating as it were the Lord’s “condescension” by humbling themselves and making their own the will of the Father, even to self-emptying and abasement (cf. Phil 2:7-8). For a religious person, to progress is to lower oneself in service. A path like that of Jesus, who “did not count equality with God something to be grasped.”: to lower oneself, making oneself a servant, in order to serve.

This path, then, takes the form of the rule, marked by the charism of the founder.  For all of us, the essential rule remains the Gospel, this abasement of Christ, yet the Holy Spirit, in his infinite creativity, also gives it expression in the various rules of the consecrated life, though all of these are born of that sequela Christi, from this path of self-abasement in service.

Through this “law” consecrated persons are able to attain wisdom, which is not an abstract attitude, but a work and a gift of the Holy Spirit, the sign and proof of which is joy. Yes, the mirth of the religious is a consequence of this journey of abasement with Jesus: and when we are sad, it would do us well to ask how we are living this kenotic dimension.

In the account of Jesus’ Presentation, wisdom is represented by two elderly persons, Simeon and Anna: persons docile to the Holy Spirit (He is named 4 times), led by him, inspired by him.  The Lord granted them wisdom as the fruit of a long journey along the path of obedience to his law, an obedience which likewise humbles and abases – even as it also guards and guarantees hope – and now they are creative, for they are filled with the Holy Spirit.  They even enact a kind of liturgy around the Child as he comes to the Temple.  Simeon praises the Lord and Anna “proclaims” salvation (cf. Lk 2:28-32,38).  As with Mary, the elderly man holds the Child, but in fact it is the Child who guides the elderly man. The liturgy of First Vespers of today’s feast puts this clearly and concisely: “senex puerum portabat, puer autem senem regebat”.  Mary, the young mother, and Simeon, the kindly old man, hold the Child in their arms, yet it is the Child himself who guides both of them.

It is curious: here it is not young people who are creative: the young, like Mary and Joseph, follow the law of the Lord, the path of obedience.  And the Lord turns obedience into wisdomby the working of his Holy Spirit.  At times God can grant the gift of wisdom to a young person, but always as the fruit of obedience and docility to the Spirit. This obedience and docility is not something theoretical; it too is subject to the economy of the incarnation of the Word: docility and obedience to a founder, docility and obedience to a specific rule, docility and obedience to one’s superior, docility and obedience to the Church. It is always docility and obedience in the concrete.

In persevering along along the path of obedience, personal and communal wisdom matures, and thus it also becomes possible to adapt rules to the times.  For true “aggiornamento” is the fruit of wisdom forged in docility and obedience.

The strengthening and renewal of consecrated life are the result of great love for the rule, and also the ability to look to and heed the elders of one’s congregation.  In this way, the “deposit”, the charism of each religious family, is preserved by obedience and by wisdom, working together. And, along this journey, we are preserved from living our consecration lightly and in a disincarnate manner, as though it were a Gnosis, which would reduce itself to a “caricature” of the religious life, in which is realized a sequela – a following – that is without sacrifice, a prayer that is without encounter, a fraternal life that is without communion, an obedience without trust, a charity without transcendence.

Today we too, like Mary and Simeon, want to take Jesus into our arms, to bring him to his people. Surely we will be able to do so if we enter into the mystery in which Jesus himself is our guide.  Let us bring others to Jesus, but let us also allow ourselves to be led by him.  This is what we should be: guides who themselves are guided.

May the Lord, through the intercession of Mary our Mother, Saint Joseph and Saints Simeon and Anna, grant to all of us what we sought in today’s opening prayer: to “be presented [to him] fully renewed in spirit”.  Amen.

(from Vatican Radio)

By scjphil Posted in Church

Anniversary of Religious Profession

Today, on the Feast of the Presentation of the Lord and XIX World Day of Consecrated Life, Fr. Aloisio Back, the Master of Postulants, celebrated his 42nd Anniversary of First Profession of Vows. During his homily, recalling this very important in his life moment, he thanked God for all the graces and blessings that he has received. He also explained briefly the meaning of the three religious vows: poverty, chastity and obedience and of community life. The message coming from the heart and based on the life experience was a great testimony to what the religious life is about,

Today also is the anniversary of First Profession of Most Rev. Vilsom Basso, the bishop of Marañhao in Brazil, and Fr. Jose Benedito de Moreas Machado, who at the present is serving the Christian Community in Toronto, Canada. As we congratulate the three of them, we support them and their apostolates with our prayers.


Last January 31 to February 1, 2015, delegates from Indonesia came to the Philippines for a meeting to discuss the implementation of the Spiritual Path (Iter Formativo). The encounter took place in the Sacred Heart Formation House, Cagayan de Oro City.  With the blessing and support of Fr Andreas Madya and Fr Franciszek Pupkowski, respective Superiors of the Indonesian Province and Philippine Region, the group gathered to make a strategic plan of action regarding the development of the Dehonian Family in the Asian continent.  Grace Escobia, who is a member of the interim International Coordinating Group of the Dehonian Family whose area of responsibility is Asia, coordinated the encounter.

The gathering was participated by Fr. Agustinus Setyoaji, Fr. Anselmus Inharjanto, Fr. Aloysius Yudhistiro and Mr. Philippus Harijadi from Indonesia and Marian Cabarliza, Lovely Monique Nanol, Joan Palapar and Fr. Richie Gier from the Philippines.

The meeting started with the input about the Charter of Communion of the Dehonian Family.  This was followed by the sharing of the message regarding the international encounter in May 2014 in Rome.  Afterwards there was a presentation from the respective countries of the state of affairs in their distinct realities about the situation of the Dehonian Family, specifically, the laity and youth group. It was observed that both countries thus far have an active youth group while the laity is still a work in progress.  The presence of consecrated persons in Indonesia, specifically, the Compania Missionaria, was recognized and integrated in the planning.  Each entity of the Dehonian family was essentially encompassed including the Dehonian Youth.

In the morning of February 1, 2015, brainstorming and discussion ensued about the integral plan of action for the development of the laity and consecrated persons in the Asian continent vis-à-vis the implementation of the Iter Formativo in the context of the program outlined by the International Coordinating Group for 2015 to 2017.  The participants were able to devise a plan within the given period for the growth of the Dehonian Family in Indonesia and the Philippines. It was also decided, in the perspective of Sint Unum, to invite delegates from India and Vietnam as observers in the next continental coordinating group meeting for Asia tentatively scheduled in January 2016.

The encounter was concluded by a Eucharistic Celebration concelebrated by the Indonesian Dehonian fathers headed by Fr. Agustinus Setyoaji. A number of Lay Dehonians from Cagayan de Oro joined the mass.  The group was enriched by the beautiful sharing of experiences on how the Dehonian Spirituality is lived out in the respective countries, the exchange of ideas and resources for development and formation, as well as looking forward to another encounter in 2016 which is planned to be held in Vietnam.

What was most striking was the teaching on LoReSa as imparted by the Indonesian fathers… love, readiness and sacrifice. The witnessing of Ecce venio and Ecce ancilla. Indeed, as Dehonians we are called to love, to readiness (availability) and to sacrifice – that the Kingdom of the Heart of Christ may reign. Adveniat regnum tuum.

By: Atty Grace Escobia

Sharing of Experiences

Fr. John Czyzynski, SCJ, a retired Novice Master from the U.S, Province is on his visit in the Philippines. The main purpose of his visit is to share his experience as a formator with the formators of the Philippine Region. The majority of the formators in the Philippines are young and lack of experience, but on the other hand very much willing to learn from their older brother.

The meeting with Fr. John took place in Cagayan de Oro City at the Sacred Heart Formation House from January 19 – 21, 2015 and was attended by eight formators representing all the stages of formation. Besides the sharing of personal experiences on both sides, there were many practical questions on how to do the formation in the time of constant changes in the world,and of mentality, how to deal with the issues of proper use of the internet, social networks, etc., that sometimes disturb the formation process.

The meeting was very much appreciated by the formators and gave them many insights that can be helpful in their work. Sometimes life experience is more valuable than series of lectures.

Qutations from Pope Francis

PopespeakSelected quotations from Pope Francis’ spontaneous remarks during his meeting with the youth at University of Santo Tomas on Sunday:

— “Real love is being open to the love that comes to you, the love that surprises us. If you only have information you are not surprised. Love surprises because it opens a dialogue of loving and being loved.”

— “Allow yourselves to be surprised by God. Don’t be afraid of surprises. They shake the ground beneath our feet and make us insecure, but they move us forward in the right direction.”

— “Certain realities of life we only see through eyes cleansed by our tears. I invite each one here to ask yourself: Have I learned how to weep?”

— “If you don’t learn how to cry, you cannot be a good Christian.”

— “We have so much information but maybe we don’t know what to do with that information. So we run the risk of becoming museums of young people who have everything but not knowing what to do with it.”

— “For this the Gospel offers us a serene way forward: using the three languages of the mind, heart and hands—and to use them in harmony. What you think, you must feel and put into effect. Your information comes down to your heart and you put it into practice. Harmoniously. What you think, you feel and you do. Feel what you think and feel what you do. Do what you think and what you feel.”

— “Real love is about loving and letting yourself be loved. It’s harder to let yourself be loved than to love.”

— “To be wise use three languages: Think well, feel well and do well. And to be wise allow yourselves to be surprised by the love of God. That will guarantee a good life.”

— “Let us not have a computer psychology that makes us think we know it all. All answers on computers—but no surprises.”

— “How many young people among you are like this? You know how to give and yet you have ever learned how to receive? You still lack one thing. Become a beggar. This is what you still lack. Learn how to beg. This isn’t easy to understand. To learn how to beg. To learn how to receive with humility. To learn to be evangelized by the poor, by those we help, the sick, orphans—they have so much to give us.”

— “Do you think of the poor? Do you feel with the poor? Do you do something for the poor? Do you ask the poor to give you the wisdom they have?”

Selected quotes from homily at Quirino Grandstand:

— “Today, Saint Paul has told us that in Christ we have become God’s adopted children—brothers and sisters in Christ. This is who we are. This is our identity.”

— “Filipinos are called to be outstanding missionaries of the faith in Asia.”

— “We forget to remain focused on the things that really matter. We forget to remain, at heart, children of God. That is sin: [to] forget at heart that we are children of God.”

— “We too need to protect, guide and encourage our young people, helping them to build a society worthy of their great spiritual and cultural heritage. Specifically, we need to see each child as a gift to be welcomed, cherished and protected. And we need to care for our young people, not allowing them to be robbed of hope and condemned to life on the streets.”

— “Now, at the end of my visit to the Philippines, I commend you to Him, to Jesus who came among us as a child. May he enable all the beloved people of this country to work together, protecting one another, beginning with your families and communities, in building a world of justice, integrity and peace.”

— “May the Santo Niño continue to bless the Philippines and may he sustain the Christians of this great nation in their vocation to be witnesses and missionaries of the joy of the Gospel in Asia and in the whole world.”

— “Reality is superior to ideas.”

Source: Philippine Inquirer


Pope’s Message for the Youth and Filipino Catholics

FrancisOn Sunday, January 18, 2015, in the morning, a huge crowd greeted Pope Francis at the University of Sto. Tomas where he met with different religious leaders and led a liturgical celebration at the UST Sports Field for his Encounter With the Youth.

The Pope listened as four representatives of the Filipino youth – former street children Jon Chura and Glyzelle Palomar, law student Leandro Santos II and engineer and Yolanda volunteer Rikki Macolor – shared their testimonies.

Palomar, of the Tulay ng Kabataan Foundation, burst into tears as she read her testimony on her experiences as an abandoned street child and asked why God allowed these things to happen to children.

Santos talked about the values of today’s youth and asked how they can take time out and listen to God. Macolor shared his experiences as a volunteer for Yolanda survivors and asked how the youth can be agents of compassion.

Pope Francis deviated from his prepared homily and instead sought to answer the questions put forth by the three. “Why do children suffer so much? When the heart is able to ask itself and cry then we understand something,” he said in reference to Palomar. “He told the crowd to “learn how to weep, as she (Palomar) has shown us today”. “If you don’t learn how to cry”, said Pope Francis, “you cannot be a good Christian…Be courageous: don’t be afraid to cry”.

Pope Francis Palomar

In answer to Santos’ question, the pontiff replied: “We have so much information but maybe we don’t know what to do with that information. We run the risk of becoming museums of young people that have everything but without knowing what to do with these. We don’t need young museums. We need holy young people.”

In reply to Macolor, Pope Francis said: “You know how to give but you have not yet learned how to receive. Become a beggar. To learn how to receive with humility, to learn how to be evangelized by the poor. Do you know that you too are poor?”

The Pope also asked why there were very few women in the audience. “Women are capable of seeing things from a different angle,” he said. “Women are able to pose questions that we men cannot understand.”

Pope Francis also asked for a moment of silence for Kristel Mae Padasas, the volunteer who died Saturday in an accident during the mass at Tacloban Airport.


In the afternoon, during a mass attended by attended by around 6 million people  in Manila’s Rizal Park Pope Francis called on Filipinos to be “outstanding missionaries of the faith in Asia”.  In his homily, the Pope described the Philippines as “the foremost Catholic country in Asia,” saying “this is itself a special gift of God, a blessing,” and a “vocation.”

The Pope recalled that each of us has been chosen by God to be “witnesses of his truth and his justice in this world” and to care for creation.  But man, he said, has “disfigured that natural beauty; through sin, man has also destroyed the unity and beauty of our human family, creating social structures which perpetuate poverty, ignorance and corruption.”

Pope Francis Maniloa 2

The Pope warned against the devil, “the father of lies” who hides his snares behind the appearance of sophistication, the allure of being ‘modern’, ‘like everyone else.’  We are distracted, he said, by “ephemeral pleasures and superficial pastimes” and “squander our God-given gifts by tinkering with gadgets,” and “squander our money on gambling and drink.”

Pope Francis Manila 2On the day the Filipino Church celebrates the “Santo Niño,” Pope Francis urged Filippinos to look to the Christ Child, the protector of the Philippines, as their model, and reminded them of the importance of protecting the family. He added, “we need to see each child as a gift to be welcome, cherished and protected” and recalled that young people need our care so they will not be “robbed of hope and condemned to life on the streets.”

He urged Filipinos to work together to build “a world of justice, integrity and peace.”

Viva Señor Santo Niño!

SantoNino5-210x281Today, on the 3rd Sunday of January, the Church in the Philippines celebrates the Feast of Santo Niño, one of the most popular religious celebrations not only in Cebu City, but also in the entire archipelago.

Santo Niño and the Sinulog Festival

The image of Santo Niño is the oldest, the most popular, and, probably, the most venerated religious image in the Philippines. Although the devotion to the Holy Child of Jesus is strongest in Cebu, the statue or printed stamps of Santo Niño can be found in almost all Catholic homes across the country.

The original statue is small; just about 12 inches tall, made of dark wood by a Flemish artisan, and, perhaps, has the Infant of Prague as its counterpart. The image is dressed in crimson, the color of royalty, of the Roman legion, and of martyrdom. It is crowned like a king, and carries an orb and scepter or baston de mando (symbols of authority). The statue also wears metal boots like a soldier.

 History of Santo Niño

According to historical accounts, the Holy Child Jesus was brought to the Philippines by the great Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan, who was in the service of Charles V, the King of Spain. On his way to the Spice Islands (Moluccas), Magellan arrived in Cebu in April 1521. There he was greeted by the local chieftain, Rajah Humabon, and his wife Hara Amihan (referred often as Ratu Humanay), who prepared for him and his companions a very warm welcome. In turn, he persuaded them not only to pledge their allegiance to Spain, but also they were baptized into the Catholic faith, taking the Christian names Carlos and Juana. He then gave the statue of Santo Niño to Queen Juana as a baptismal gift.

 The eye-witness of that event, Antonio de Pigafetta, the chronicler of Magellan’s expeditions, wrote about what happened on April 14, 1521, in the following words: “After dinner the priest and some of the others went ashore to baptize the queen, who came with forty women. We conducted her to the platform and she was made to sit down upon a cushion… until the priest should be ready. She was shown an image of our Lady, a very beautiful wooden child Jesus, and a cross. Thereupon, she was overcome with contrition and asked baptism amid her tears. We named her “Johanna.” The priest, who baptized Hara Amihan, was Fr. Pedro Valderama, a chaplain on that expedition. On the same day, about 800 Cebuanos also received baptism. Later, “(the queen) asked us to give her the little child Jesus to keep in place of her idols.” QUEENJUANA

 In gratitude to their hospitality, Magellan agreed to fight together with King Humabon who was at war with the neighboring tribe in Mactan Island, led by a Muslim Datu, Rajah Lapu-Lapu. Unfortunately, Magellan, along with 8 Spanish soldiers and 4 of Humabon’s warriors, was killed in the battle on the shores of Mactan on April 17, 1521.  Later also, Duarte Barbosa and Juan Serrano, who took command after Magellan’s death, were poisoned and massacred along with their soldiers during a goodwill banquet hosted by Humabon. The remnants of Magellan’s expedition under Sebastian del Cano sailed homeward defeated but proving, for the first time, that the earth is round. There were 18 survivors out of the original 265 who returned to Spain over a year later.

For the next 44 years, there was no news about the statue of Santo Niño, until the second Spanish expedition, headed by Miguel Lopez de Legaspi, which arrived in Cebu on April 27, 1565.The expedition was accompanied by an Augustinian, Fr. Andres de Urdaneta and some other Augustinian and Franciscan friars. Because of the hostility and resistance of Cebuanos, who feared that the Spaniards will take revenge for Magellan’s death, a heavy battle broke out. As a result of that battle, the village ruled by Rajah Tupas (successor of Humabon) was burnt to the ground and the natives had to flee to the nearby mountain. On April 28, 1565, after the smoke cleared, a soldier named Juan Camus, a Basque, in one of the burning huts found a wooden box containing the image of the Santo Niño amongst several native idols. Miraculously, the statue was completely unscathed. “…a child Jesus like those of Flanders, in its pine cradle and its little loose shirt, such as come from those parts, and a little velvet hat, like those of Flanders – and all so well-preserved that only the little cross, which is generally upon the globe that he holds in his hands, was missing.”

According to the documents, found in the archives of the Santo Niño Convent in Cebu, Legaspi fell on his knees and kissed the image reverently. He took this as a sign that the heavens will bless the Spanish endeavor. There and then, “he ordered that this sacred image be placed with all reverence in the first church that should be founded and that the church be called “Nombre de Jesus” (Name of Jesus).” He also said: “Cebu shall henceforth be called the Sion of the Philippine Islands, and the divine influence of Christianity shall go forth from Cebu to every part of the archipelago, and across the seas to distant shores.”

The Augustinian friars that accompanied Legaspi in his expedition proclaimed the statue miraculous and built a church on the site where it was found. Actually, on this place the Spaniards built three times a church. The first two churches were made out of wood and nipa (palm leaves), but every time it was destroyed by fire. The construction of the present church was started in 1735 and completed in 1739.  Originally, the church was called San Agustin Church, but later in 1965 it was given the title of “Basilica Minore del Santo Niño.”

During the World War II, a bomb fell inside the church, but the image again was found unscathed. It was one of the numberless miracles and powers attributed to the Holy Image.

Some Legends and Tales about the Image of Santo Niño

The origin of Santo Niño is composed mainly of three different stories. The most widespread version is that the image found by Legaspi’s men in 1565, is the same statue Magellan gave to Queen Juana in 1521.

The second version states that the image came from China. It supposedly found its way to the Philippines through Chinese traders who dealt with Franciscan missionaries.

The third version is the most interesting of all and it is rooted in the folklore of Cebu. It is told that one day, long time before coming of the Spaniards, a native went out into the sea to fish. He did not catch anything for the most part of the day. Suddenly, he felt a weight at the end of his net. He brought it in only to discover that it was nothing but a piece of wood. This occurred several times, until tired and angry; he decided to keep the stubborn piece of wood in his boat. And like magic, the situation changed and all the fish swum towards his boat and he went home with a bountiful catch.

The natives of Cebu soon discovered that this piece of wood had special magic powers. They could use it as a scarecrow to keep animals away from their dying crops. In times of drought, they only had to immerse it in the sea and the rains would come. Apparently, this same piece of wood was fashioned into the image of the Santo Niño.

The legend continues that long after the Spanish conquest, the King of Spain decided that the image of Santo Niño be brought to Spain as a proof of its conquest of the islands.

The image was placed in a locked box that was in turn placed in locked metal casket and heavily guarded when shipped to Spain. Imagine the consternation of the King when the boxes were opened in his presence but contained nothing inside!

The image which mysteriously disappeared from the box reappeared the following day on the altar of San Agustin Church in Cebu.

There were further attempts, but each time the image kept disappearing and reappearing in Cebu.

It is also told that when, in the days of Legaspi, the capital was moved from Cebu to Manila, the authorities decreed that the image of Santo Niño should also be moved to the new capital.  So, the image was crated and shipped to Manila, but the crate arrived there empty. The image miraculously disappeared, reappearing in its shrine in Cebu. It was re-crated, and the crate placed inside another box, and then shipped to Manila. Again, the boxes arrived in Manila empty. The image was crated a third time, and the crate was placed not only in one but in two boxes – still in vain. The Santo Niño was back in Cebu.

Eventually, the shippers sent the image out in a series of Chinese boxes, one inside another, with the seventh and inner-most box containing the image. In this way, the image arrived in Manila and was enthroned in the Augustinian church of the capital city. The image, however, kept disappearing from the Augustinian church and reappearing in its shrine in Cebu. And so, it is told, the Manila Augustinians decided to cut off one of the Holy Child’s legs to stop it from escaping and returning to Cebu, but also this proved of no avail! The Santo Niño still kept on returning to Cebu.

Finally, Manila gave up and Cebu kept its little Lord. Today, it is said, one can still notice how unevenly the Santo Niño stands. It is a sign of how, at one time, it had been amputated to keep it from returning to its beloved home.

Some other stories came from the local helpers at the Basilica Minore del Santo Niño, who had reported that, the Santo Niño sometimes disappeared from its glass case at night only to return with grass stains on its clothes or soil on the shoes, which the night before were perfectly cleaned by the parish women. This sparked speculations that the Santo Niño took long walks at night.

These are just some of many stories attributed to the miraculous image of Santo Niño being at the same time an expression of the devotion, beliefs and sometimes superstitions of the local people, who love the Santo Niño very much. Although, because of theological reasons, the Santo Niño is not the patron “saint” of Cebu anymore, many Cebuanos do not consider the Christmas Season over until the Feast of the Santo Niño.

Sinulog Festival

The Feast of Santo Niño is celebrated in the Philippines every year on the third Sunday of January. On this day also, Cebu celebrates the Sinulog festival or rather its culmination. Actually, it is a nine-day fiesta in honor of Santo Niño, which finishes with the Sinulog Grand Parade on the last day. The day before the parade, takes place the Fluvial Procession, a water parade, held at the dawn from the Mandaue City to Cebu City with the Santo Niño carried on a pump boat decked with hundreds of flowers and candles. The procession ends at the Basilica where a re-enactment of the Christianizing of Cebu follows. In the afternoon, a more solemn procession takes place along the major streets of the city, which lasts for hours due to the large crowd participating in this religious event.


The festival commemorates the coming of the Santo Niño to Cebu and the conversion of the early Cebuanos from paganism to Christianity. The word “Sinulog” comes from the Cebuano adverb sulog which describes “water current movement”, thus the forward-backward movement of the Sinulog dance.

Sinulog-4The festival is characterized by a very long parade with many groups of persons dressed in colorful costumes, finding their way through the streets while dancing the Sinulog. The dance is accompanied by the sound of the drums, trumpets and native gongs; all the time moving two steps forward followed by one step backward. Though the dance is already very old, the parade is rather young. 1980 was the first year that the parade was organized. The streets are usually lined with vendors and pedestrians all wanting to witness the street-dancing. Smaller versions of the festival are also held in various parts of the province and of the country as well, known as Ati-atihan Festival.

Sinulog_2009According to the historians, the Sinulog was already danced by the locals in honor of their wooden statues before the Cebuanos were baptized. It is said that at the moment of receiving the statue of Santo Niño, Queen Juana danced with joy bearing the image of the child Jesus, while the other natives followed her example. Undoubtedly, it was the first official Sinulog in honor of the Santo Niño, which later on became a part of the yearly fiesta. This event also is frequently used as basis for most Sinulog dances, which dramatize the coming of the Spaniards and the presentation of the Santo Niño to the Queen. A popular theme among Sinulog dances is Queen Juana holding the Santo Niño in her arms and using it to bless her people who are often afflicted by sickness caused by demons and other evil spirits.

sinulog5While dancing, people shout petitions and thanksgivings to the Santo Niño. “Pit Señor! Señor Santo Niño, Manoy Kiloy…” Shouting is necessary because the pilgrims have to be sure that they will be heard by the Santo Niño.

sinulog-2015-logo (1)